tabela amitraza
Kakumanu M, Reeves AM, Anderson T, Rodrigues RR and Williams MA
Pesticide residues including acaricides (miticides) in brood comb, beeswax, foundation etc.

Front. Microbiol.7:1255. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.01255

Strzeszczenie:

"Honey bee gut microbiome is altered by in-hive pesticide exposures. Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are the primary pollinators of major horticultural crops. Over the last few decades, a substantial decline in honey bees and their colonies have been reported. While a plethora of factors could contribute to the putative decline, pathogens, and pesticides are common concerns that draw attention. In addition to potential direct effects on honey bees, indirect pesticide effects could include alteration of essential gut microbial communities and symbionts that are important to honey bee health (e.g., immune system). The primary objective of this study was to determine the microbiome associated with honey bees exposed to commonly used in-hive pesticides: coumaphos, tau-fluvalinate, and chlorothalonil. Treatments were replicated at three independent locations near Blacksburg Virginia, and included a nopesticide amended control at each location. The microbiome was characterized through pyrosequencing of V2–V3 regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene and fungal ITS region. Pesticide exposure significantly affected the structure of bacterial but not fungal communities. The bee bacteriome, similar to other studies, was dominated by sequences derived from Bacilli, Actinobacteria, α-, β-, γ-proteobacteria. The fungal community sequences were dominated by Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes. The Multi-response permutation procedures (MRPP) and subsequent Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) analysis indicated that chlorothalonil caused significant change to the structure and functional potential of the honey bee gut bacterial community relative to control. Putative genes for oxidative phosphorylation, for example, increased while sugar metabolism and peptidase potential declined in the microbiome of chlorothalonil exposed bees. The results of this field-based study suggest the potential for "
Kto to jest tak naprawdę pszczelarz?
Ten kto potrafi zarobić na chowie i hodowli pszczół. Reszta to trzymacze.
Cytuj ten post


Wiadomości w tym wątku
tabela amitraza - Borówka - 26.09.2016, 17:37
RE: tabela amitraza - bonluk - 26.09.2016, 17:41
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 26.09.2016, 18:05
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 26.09.2016, 18:18
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 26.09.2016, 18:20
RE: tabela amitraza - Krzyżak - 26.09.2016, 19:01
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 27.09.2016, 07:29
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 27.09.2016, 12:11
RE: tabela amitraza - Czarek - 26.09.2016, 18:22
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 26.09.2016, 18:38
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 26.09.2016, 18:42
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 26.09.2016, 18:46
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 27.09.2016, 14:27
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 27.09.2016, 14:30
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 27.09.2016, 15:26
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 27.09.2016, 15:28
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 27.09.2016, 16:01
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 27.09.2016, 16:10
RE: tabela amitraza - emzarek - 27.09.2016, 15:59
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 27.09.2016, 17:05
RE: tabela amitraza - bonluk - 27.09.2016, 17:16
RE: tabela amitraza - Modliszqa - 27.09.2016, 17:31
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 27.09.2016, 17:20
RE: tabela amitraza - bonluk - 27.09.2016, 17:22
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 27.09.2016, 17:32
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 27.09.2016, 19:34
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 28.09.2016, 15:47
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 16:22
RE: tabela amitraza - MN - 28.09.2016, 08:23
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 08:42
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:10
RE: tabela amitraza - MN - 28.09.2016, 09:33
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:39
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 09:43
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 08:46
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 08:50
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:06
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 09:16
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:18
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 28.09.2016, 09:23
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:24
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:30
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 09:44
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 28.09.2016, 10:07
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 10:09
RE: tabela amitraza - emzarek - 28.09.2016, 09:24
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:25
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 09:40
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:43
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 09:50
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 09:54
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 09:52
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 09:56
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 09:58
RE: tabela amitraza - Popszczelony - 28.09.2016, 10:08
RE: tabela amitraza - emzarek - 28.09.2016, 10:31
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 10:16
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 10:21
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 28.09.2016, 10:26
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 10:26
RE: tabela amitraza - Krzyżak - 28.09.2016, 16:33
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 16:40
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 28.09.2016, 16:53
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 18:38
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 29.09.2016, 15:59
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 29.09.2016, 16:34
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 28.09.2016, 17:05
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.09.2016, 17:13
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 28.09.2016, 17:26
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 29.09.2016, 16:42
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 29.09.2016, 18:11
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 29.09.2016, 19:48
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 29.09.2016, 19:52
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 29.09.2016, 16:49
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 29.09.2016, 16:59
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 29.09.2016, 17:07
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 29.09.2016, 17:14
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 29.09.2016, 17:15
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 29.09.2016, 19:50
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 11:20
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 11:32
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 11:45
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 11:50
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 11:59
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 12:02
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 12:09
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 12:11
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 12:25
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 02.10.2016, 12:51
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 02.10.2016, 13:15
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 02.10.2016, 11:50
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 12:02
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 12:08
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 02.10.2016, 12:50
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 12:56
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 13:21
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 02.10.2016, 13:26
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 13:27
RE: tabela amitraza - marbert - 02.10.2016, 13:44
RE: tabela amitraza - bonluk - 02.10.2016, 14:14
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 02.10.2016, 17:05
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 02.10.2016, 17:23
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 17:25
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 02.10.2016, 17:38
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 02.10.2016, 17:45
RE: tabela amitraza - MN - 03.10.2016, 09:19
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 15:07
RE: tabela amitraza - myku - 02.10.2016, 17:30
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 09:34
RE: tabela amitraza - MN - 03.10.2016, 09:43
RE: tabela amitraza - MrDrone - 03.10.2016, 09:49
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 09:39
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 09:51
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 03.10.2016, 10:23
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 11:04
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 11:07
RE: tabela amitraza - Krzyżak - 03.10.2016, 11:19
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 03.10.2016, 11:27
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 03.10.2016, 13:51
RE: tabela amitraza - MN - 04.10.2016, 08:06
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 04.10.2016, 08:28
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 04.10.2016, 08:47
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 04.10.2016, 08:49
RE: tabela amitraza - flamenco108 - 04.10.2016, 08:57
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 04.10.2016, 09:00
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 19.11.2016, 13:07
RE: tabela amitraza - Krzyżak - 16.12.2016, 13:19
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 29.06.2017, 08:25
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 28.07.2017, 19:34
RE: tabela amitraza - Borówka - 10.08.2017, 20:52